75. Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose
Physicist Bose was the first to work on millimetric radio waves.
He founded the Bose Institute, Asia's first interdisciplinary research institute, in 1917.
His research on microwaves, including the use of semiconductors, was decades ahead of its time.
Bose did not pursue any patents, concentrating instead on improving the theoretical knowledge of radio and biophysics.
He invented several instruments to measure the responses of plants to stimuli, concluding that these were like the nerve responses seen in animals.
Bose was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1920.