Start of main content

Commercial and non-commercial guidelines

These uses are considered commercial:

  • Company research and development
  • Market research
  • Information brokerage
  • Articles or papers for a fee
  • Work is done for spin-off companies owned by universities or similar
  • Work is done for a private medical facility, even if it’s partly for the NHS
  • Research was done by students for an employer while on placement, or for any commercial purposes
  • Work was done by charities or non-commercial organisations to earn income
  • Work was done by for-profit companies to earn money for a not-for-profit organisation or charity
  • Training or professional development funded by an employer which is linked to a commercial company’s work or linked to carrying out commercial activity.

These uses are considered non-commercial:

  • Work was done by day-release students in employment but undertaking further education outside of their job
  • Work was done by lecturers entirely for their students
  • Unpaid articles for scholarly journals or papers for a conference
  • Work is done for personal professional development
  • Work was done exclusively for an NHS Trust.