Automated or autonomous vehicles is not new, however, the landscape has been transformed over recent years with the application of advanced sensors, communication technologies and databases. Autonomous systems are already pervasive, particularly in aerospace with autopilot on planes and military drones.
The IET held a debate with thought leaders from academia, industry, policymakers and research organisations to address the challenges and benefits of bringing autonomous vehicles technologies to the mass market.
Autonomous vehicles are playing an increasing role in hazardous and challenging environments where human lives may be exposed to greater risk, such as the use of micro unmanned aircraft in Fukushima. There is also a significant interest in their increased use in the automotive sector: i.e. cruise control, collision avoidance and autonomous vehicles.
Our acceptance of these systems relies on there still being a need to have a human present to ‘take control’ should the need occur, but what could the future look like if we remove this ‘human safety net’?
The opportunities across the transport modes; road, railway, aerospace and maritime are immense and wide ranging but cross-cutting technologies are not often developed or even considered outside of each specific industry area leading to duplication of R&D, resourcing and implementation. One key opportunity here is to pool resources that can be transferable and provide technologies and innovations across all transport sectors for the benefit of all, including the end user.
The IET organised a debate hosted by past President, Chris Earnshaw and attended by representatives from academia, industry, policymakers and research organisations which addressed the opportunities across all the modes of transport and the IET’s role in advancing public policy and perception around these technologies, as well as engaging with Government and industry.
The meeting expressed a high level of confidence that autonomous vehicles would become more pervasive. The challenge was more in full autonomy, opposed to closed or semi closed environments, where there was less interaction with the wider public. Until mixed mode technologies could be widely tested, talking about ‘assisted’ rather than ‘autonomous driving’ might help the public get used to driverless vehicles on the roads.
The UK has developed skills that could be applied to cyber security and complex systems. Many of the examples from the debate came from software related technologies. The UK has also been successful in developing standards that could provide a framework for innovation and a platform by which small and large companies could add value.
The IET could play an important role in bringing together all the stakeholders who may benefit from the effective deployment of this technology, so that ideas could be compiled and reported to Government.