Information about the three main formats of a CV - the chronological, functional and performance formats.
CVs tend to fall into one of three presentation formats. It is essential to consider which format most effectively illustrates your key competences and abilities.
This lists your employment history to date and should incorporate the following:
To keep the document short and concise, you should place more emphasis on your most recent role. This also helps to demonstrate a progression in responsibility.
The chronological CV is the simplest and quickest of the three formats and historically has been the standard format used. If you have been with one company for a reasonable period of time, it can also show stability.
There are however, disadvantages to this format. For example:
Gaps in employment are very visible. A further disadvantage is that your core skills, attitudes and attributes may be difficult to identify.
This lists achievements and relevant experience by function or areas of responsibility such as management, training or project delivery. Less emphasis can be put on chronological order or specifics of when and in what role achievements and experience were gained.
The functional CV should include:
The functional format addresses the disadvantages of the chronological format and enables potential employers to focus your abilities and experience in light of what they are looking for.
There are disadvantages though. For this format to work effectively, you need to have a good sense of what the potential employer is looking for to ensure your CV shows how you meet their requirements. You may also need to adapt and adjust the CV for each job application.
Lack of chronological detail may raise suspicion so you should be prepared to talk through any gaps in your career, or explain precisely where and when certain skills were developed, or achievements accomplished.
This combines the best of the functional and chronological CV formats and is arguably the most suited of the three to the employment market which comprises increasing competition and where employers spend just 20 to 30 seconds on average reviewing a CV.
With this format you should provide:
A possible format for the front page is: