Originally posted by: andysuth
If this is the case, why is it commonly referred to as "ASD" or "Autism Spectrum Disorder"?
ASD is an umbrella term covering a variety of conditions. Asperger syndrome is a specific condition.
I'd disagree: there are more disruptive forms of Aspergers and less disruptive forms.
How do you define disruptive?
As Aspergic people tend to appear insensitive to other peoples viewpoints, you wouldn't see an aspergic person working as a Relationship Councillor.
People with Asperger syndrome are less likely to be successful in positions requiring a high degree of empathy than neurotypical people are. However, many people with Asperger syndrome hold successful careers in HR or personnel departments.
Aspergic people tend to group into careers where they have more rule-based work, such as Computing, IT, Engineering. They work better with numbers than people.
I disagree with this statement. In my experience, under 16 year olds with Asperger syndrome who have a mathematical ability higher than average for their age is the exception rather than the rule. Even Luke Jackson says that maths is not his strong subject. What I think you are trying to say is that people with Asperger syndrome work better with things rather than people.
This is why there's actually a large number of children in "Silicon Valley" being diagnosed with Autism and Aspergers Syndrome: both mother and father came to Engineering and Technology because of their milder forms of Aspergers.
Simon Baron-Cohen did a survey of people at Cambridge with Aspergers in their family and found the ones studying Maths, Science, Engineering etc. were more likely to have a relative who has Aspergers or Autism. I can't recall the statistic, but it was interesting.
Interesting it may be but I hold these studies and statistics at arm's length. Areas with a better knowledge and understanding of a particular condition will almost certainly report more people with the condition than areas with a poor knowledge and understanding of the condition. I believe that Asperger syndrome is virtually unheard of in many countries but that doesn't imply that the percentage of the population with the condition is any lower than in Britain, or Silicon Valley.
Asperger syndrome has been known about in Germany and Austria since the 1940s. The English speaking world did not know about Asperger syndrome until 1991, and it only became an officially recognised condition in Britain in 1995. Something I find remarkable is that prior to 1991, there were almost no articles in English language psychology and education journals mentioning Asperger syndrome traits. If Hans Asperger's paper had not been translated into English in 1991 then it is likely that Asperger syndrome would be an unknown condition in the English speaking world today because there was no momentum building up for an independent discovery.