|Library and Archives - General|
Knovel is specifically focused on the engineering community. It is an interactive full-text database of scientific and engineering handbooks and references. It aggregates content from a variety of sources including well known publishers such as Elsevier, PennWell, Oxford University Press, Fairmont Press and Taylor & Francis.
The IET subscribes to 458 electronic full text books from Knovel.
To access the service:
Sign into the IET website and go to:
For further help:
See the attached Hints and tips for using Knovel
Go to Knovel's Support Centre
Edited: 12 February 2014 at 09:57 AM by Mike Dunne
||Hints and tips for using Knovel1.pdf (108 KB)
Need some help getting started with your research?
The IET library carries an impressive array of material from historic journals through to up-to-date articles, books and business reports on our Virtual Library. Having settled down in our new home-from-home at 1 Birdcage walk, we are now pleased to be able to offer one-to-one research sessions to our members of up to an hour in length.
During the session one of our librarians will provide you with a general overview of our digital and print resources, provide tips on search techniques and assist you in locating and accessing relevant material.
Whether you are conducting research for business, academia or personal interest we will be happy to help.
For further information, or to book a session please contact firstname.lastname@example.org or 020 7344 5461
The library at One Birdcage Walk has recently acquired the following reference books:
Spon's mechanical and electrical services price book 2014.
DAVIS LANGDON ENGINEERING SERVICES
621(058) DAV REFERENCE
Library location: One Birdcage Walk
Providing detailed pricing information across the full range of mechanical and electrical services, together with higher-level costs for a diverse range of systems and different building applications.
To view some sample pages
Who's who 2014: an annual biographical dictionary.
A & C BLACK
Library location: One Birdcage Walk
92 A & C REFERENCE
"Who's Who 2014 is the 166th edition of the world's longest established and most comprehensive general reference book, brought right up to date for the year ahead. The first autobiographical reference book in the world and, after 166 years, still the most accurate and reliable resource for information supplied and checked by the entrants themselves".
Written by Alison Freeman
Edited: 14 January 2014 at 02:17 PM by Mike Dunne
All IET book sales are available through the following avenues:
Online: via the Resources section of our website
Telephone: +44 (0) 1438 767328
Fax: +44 (0) 1438 767375
The IET Library at One Birdcage Walk only sells the Fellows' and Members' ties.
Library early closure dates update for January and February 2014
These are the dates that have been provisionally booked as early closing in January and February 2014 :
09.01.14 IET/IMechE Trustees Meeting
15.01.14 Open Europe - TBC
16.01.14 LEK Consulting- TBC
20.01.14 Henry Jackson - TBC
22.01.14 FTN - TBC
03.02.14 IET - Board of Trustees Dinner
13.02.14 IET - IT Policy Panel
18.02.14 Conference Search - TBC
19.02.14 Trustee Department
26.02.14 IET - Energy Policy Panel - Dinner
27.02.14 EMHD Extravaganza Reception
One of the more recent donations we received was from an author based in America:
Title: Extraordinary Women in Science and Medicine: four centuries of achievement
Authors: R K Smeltzer, R J Ruben, P Rose
This is a collection of papers on various women in the fields of physics, chemistry, astronomy, mathematics, computer and medical sciences. Some of the women covered include:
Augusta Ada Byron, Countess of Lovelace 1815-1852
Hertha Ayrton 1854-1923
Elizabeth Fulhame fl. 1780-1794
Grace Murray Hopper 1906-1992
Florence Nightingale 1820-1910
Library shelf mark: 92:621.3 SME
The IET archives also has a useful research guide on Women in Engineering
If you have items you wish to donate to the Library please compose a list, with as much information as possible: title, author, edition, year of publication and ISBN if there is one and send it to email@example.com
We may already have the items in stock that you wish to donate, if that is the case we will send you a listing of other organisations and second-hand bookshops who may be interested in your books.
If you wish to donate books to the Library and would like to see if we already have any of them within our stock or if you are a member and would like to borrow any of these books or browse the Library catalogue go to www.theiet.org/library
IET Library and Archives
Written by Dawn White.
Edited: 31 October 2013 at 10:47 AM by Mike Dunne
Here we take a closer look at just one of the resources; the Engineering and IT Reference collection.
The Engineering and IT Reference collection is a collection of 450 ebooks that the Library and Archive subscribe to through Books24x7 (a SkillSoft company).
The topics covered by this service include:
aerospace; automation; electrical engineering; electronic engineering; mechanical ennerring; networks and protocols; software engineering and telecommunications.
To gain access:
Members need to log into the IET website.
Make your way to Books 24x7 web page
and click on the Books24x7 logo
You will now find yourself logged into a personal profile on Books24x7
Take a virtual tour of the service.
How do you get started?
You can start searching for subjects you are interested in the search box.The default setting is all content on the IET Reference collection. You can change this to all collections if you wish (that is all collections on Books 24x7, not what the IET subscribes to).
Perform a keyword search:
Use the Search box that is near the top of every page.
Or you can use the search form on the Advanced Search page.
See search tips for further search instruction.
Use the Browse Topics hierarchies:
The browse topics box is located in the right-hand margin of most pages.
You can also browse by four topics:
IT and Technical topics
Select a hierarchy, then drill down the topics to display a list of titles.
Topics expand by clicking the marker () to the left of the topic name in the hierarchy.
You can search through a specific topic by first selecting a main topic or sub-topic and then restricting your search using the "This Topic' search option.
For more information see the Books24x7help page.
Edited: 15 October 2013 at 04:20 PM by Mike Dunne
Based within the IMechE Library, we are providing a separate enquiry desk for queries from IET members, computer terminals with full access to the same range of electronic resources that we enjoyed at Savoy Place and a selection of books and journals focussing on the most up to date and frequently borrowed items. We will be continuing to offer the same overall range of services including postal loans, help with research enquiries and a document supply service.
However, there will be some changes of which users should be aware. As we are now sharing premises with the IMechE library, we only have a fraction of the space we had at Savoy place, and so a large proportion of our stock will now be held in off-site storage. We are putting procedures in place so that we are able to recall items from storage on demand to keep our entire collection accessible, but we will no longer have immediate access to all our holdings. This will obviously mean that it may take us a little longer to be able to send out postal loans and process document supply requests. If you wish to visit the library to view or borrow a specific item it is now highly advisable to contact us in advance to check availability and give us time to order items in if necessary.
As well as being a shared space, the IMechE library is somewhat smaller than our reading room at Savoy Place so please be aware that there there may be less desk space in which to work, especially at busy times. Finally, we will no longer be operating a bookshop selling IET publications. These can be purchased online We will continue to sell Members' and Fellows' Ties, but no other merchandise will be available.
In 2 years we expect to be moving back to a new, purpose built library area on the 3rd floor of Savoy Place. In the meantime, we welcome visitors to our temporary base at the IMechE. If you have any queries regarding the library move, or our services in general, please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org or call us on 020 7344 5461
Written by Ted Kemp
Edited: 30 July 2013 at 03:41 PM by Mike Dunne
The twentieth century saw rapid change in the rights of women to vote, have equal rights with men and to work. It might surprise you that the first woman to become a Member of the IET (then the Institution of Electrical Engineers) was elected as early as 1899.
That woman was Hertha Ayrton (1854-1923). Born Phoebe Sarah Marks, when she was in her teens a friend renamed her Hertha from a Swinburne poem. Hertha attended Girton College and Finsbury Technical College, where she met Professor William Ayrton. They married in 1885. Hertha was able to carry out her own scientific research thanks to a legacy from her friend and mentor Barbara Bodichon, which allowed her to employ a housekeeper. Her husband encouraged her to research the electric arc lamp after one of his own research papers was lost. As soon as Hertha's independent research began, William stopped his own research into that area as he was worried he would be credited with his wife's work.
It was for her research on 'The Hissing of the Electric Arc' that Hertha Ayrton was elected an IEE Member in May 1899. She was later proposed for Fellowship of the Royal Society in 1902: this application was turned down on the grounds that she was a married woman, and therefore had no status under the terms of the Royal Society's original charter.
Another pioneering member and woman engineer was Dame Caroline Haslett (1895-1957). Caroline Haslett joined the Cochrane Boiler Company in 1914, first as a secretary and later training as an engineer in the company works. In 1919, she left to become the first Secretary of the Women's Engineering Society and served as President in 1939. In 1924, Caroline Haslett co-founded the Women's Electrical Association, later renamed the Electrical Association for Women (EAW). Its aim was to lessen women's domestic burden by encouraging the use of electricity in the home. She was awarded a DBE in 1957.
Both women played an active role in encouraging equality. In 1914, a young Caroline Haslett was caught chalking 'Votes for Women' slogans outside the House of Commons. The policeman told her she was too young to be sent to prison and to 'be a good girl and get along home'. Her subsequent career focused on the rights of women in business and politics.
Hertha Ayrton was a member of the Women's Social and Political Union and in 1910 marched on Downing Street, but like Caroline Haslett she failed to be arrested. When she was accosted by a policeman, her daughter Barbara shouted, 'You dare not hurt that lady, she's Mrs Ayrton!' The police had been instructed not to arrest her and she went free. Barbara was not exempt, and after the 1912 demonstrations Ayrton wrote to a friend, 'Barbie is in Holloway ... I am very proud of her.'
For more information on women in engineering and technology, have a look at the resources on the IET Archives website, including exhibitions and biographies.
By Anne Locker, IET Archivist
IET Assistant Archivist
40 e-books on Measurement
IET members may access online at any time the full texts of some 40 books on measurement, instrumentation and sensors. This is a free service to members available through the IET Virtual Library.
This specialist technical information resource is useful for study and work. In particular there are a number of handbooks which give an overview of subject basics, design guides, construction and application details.
One example of such a handbook is that by Jacob Fraden’s “Handbook of Modern Sensors: Physics, Designs, and Applications” .The third edition published in 2004 is available in the IET Virtual Library’s Knovel e-books collection There are 600 pages of material in total. Chapters on sensor characteristics, physical principles of sensing, optical components of sensors and interface electronic circuits, are followed by twelve chapters on sensors for specific measurement quantities. A final chapter on sensor materials and technologies covers surface processing and nanotechnology. The 25 appendices provide lots of data on materials and devices. Each chapter has a list of references.
A full up-to-date overview of measurement science and technology has recently been written by IET Vice President and Trustee Barry Jones, Emeritus Professor of Manufacturing Metrology, Brunel University, The three articles appear in the May 2013 issue of the journal Measurement and Control available in the IET Library.
Members and non-members can now join the new IET International Measurement Community on the MyCommunity platform. This contains a list of the 40 e-books on Measurement.
Edited: 08 March 2013 at 01:14 PM by Cathy Firebrace
With the pressure on to write effective projects and prepare for dissertations, where do you go for help? ……
The IET library of course! Here are some examples of the resources open to you:
The IET virtual library – is just a click away. Log on to the IET website and you gain immediate access to a host of electronic resources. There are full text electronic books through Knovel, Wiley and the Engineering and IT Reference Library (hosted by books 24x7) which include handbooks and very up to date publications which are useful for your studies. For articles, reports and company data look at the seven EbscoHost databases which have each been selected for their suitability to electrical and electronic topics as well as a huge business database. Much of what is available is full text. You can do all sorts of in-depth searches and you can even adjust the interface to suit you. If you are exploring the employment field you might want to try checking out the datamonitor company profiles on EbscoHost – just click on “more” in the blue bar at the top. Another virtual library resources is Faulkner databases which provides expert reports and tutuorials on industry developments and technologies.
The IET library has literally thousands of books to borrow. Search the library catalogue to find out what’s available on your topic and then make use of the free postage to have the books sent to you by courier.
The Library reading room is at the IET in London so if this is convenient , you can have a browse on the shelves for books as well as accessing thousands of print journals. We also have the IEEE Xplore database and some British Standards online in the reading room – with these you can search full text IEEE and IET articles and standards. If you like we can also give you a demonstration of the Virtual Library (by appointment).
If you would also like to make use of the Library’s research service please email email@example.com . We can often point you in the right direction for your studies but please no essay titles – be specific! The service is often free for small pieces of information but charges may apply depending on what we can offer.
For further details please contact the IET Library on firstname.lastname@example.org T: +44 (0)20 7344 5461
Edited: 18 February 2013 at 04:38 PM by Cathy Firebrace
Graphene is supposedly the world’s thinnest, strongest (stronger than diamonds) and most conductive material (even more so than copper). It could herald exciting new developments for numerous technologies for example smart phones. Its potential seems to have no bounds – so much so that the Chancellor, George Osborne, has just allocated £50m to graphene research.
To find out more about graphene take a look at some of the e-books on Knovel brought to you from the IET library’s virtual library: Properties of Amorphous Carbon edited by S. Silva and P. Ravi © 2003; Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology by Bharat Bhushan © 2004; Coaxial Electrical Circuits for Interference-Free Measurements by Awan Shakil, Bryan Kibble and Jürgen Schurr © 2011.
A graphene-based broadband optical modulator by: Ming Liu; Xiaobo
Yin; Ulin-Avila, Erick; Baisong Geng; Zentgraf, Thomas; Long Ju;
Applications of nanotechnologies in communications by: Krishnaswamy, Dilip; Helmy, Amr and Wentzloff, David;
Graphene and Carbon Nanotube Applications in Mobile Devices by
Voutilainen, Martti; Seppala, Eira T.; Pasanen, Pirjo; Oksanen,
Mobile Computing A New Turn-on for VC Eyes by Amit Sudarshan; and
New flat lighting panels fabricated from graphene by Andrew Turley.
For a more ‘newsy’ take find out what the media is saying about this most astonishing material by reading these recent articles:
From Electronics weekly http://www.electronicsweekly.com/Articles/27/12/2012/55265/graphene-research-gets-21.5m.htm
From E & T magazine http://eandt.theiet.org/news/2012/jan/graphene-magnetic.cfm
And a different take from the BBC http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-21014297
Graphene is a “watch this space” item – if you are doing research on this topic or any other in our field please contact the IET library email@example.com
The London underground has turned 150 years old and there is no end to fascinating facts relating to its current state and history. Did you know that over two miles of the Central Line was converted into a fighter aircraft factory in WW2 and had its own railway system? This was an official secret until the 1980s? After reading these snippets, you will probably look upon your tube journey with renewed interest.
And what has the IET library got for you to borrow on this topic? Take a look at
Making headway on the underground, 2007 IRSE seminar and The subterranean railway: how the London Underground was built and how it changed the city forever by C Wolmar
From the IET Library’s online resource EbscoHost read these full text articles:
Geology and the London Underground by Paul, Jonathan D. Geology
Hazmat/CBRN Incident: London's King's Cross Underground Station by Scott Ritter
A quiet success published in the Pandrol supplement of the Railway Gazette
Remaking the roundel by: Angus Montgomery
Steam trains on the Underground in Logistics & Transport Focus
Watch this space for a future blog on what the IET Archives have in their collection on the history of the London Underground. Here is a picture from the archives to wet your appetite. There is currently an archive display on this topic next to the lecture theatre at the IET’s Savoy Place HQ. It is an uncanny coincidence that the architect (Charles Holden) who was a partner in the firm who re-designed the interior of Savoy Place when the IEE moved in in 1909, also became one of the major architects used by London Underground and designed many of its tube stations in the 1920s and 30s. Take a look at the display next time you are passing Savoy Place.
If you would like the library’s information staff to carry out small pieces of research on IET related topics please get in touch: http://www.theiet.org/resources/library/services/research/index.cfm
Edited: 18 January 2013 at 12:20 PM by Cathy Firebrace
So, what’s all this rumpus about shale gas? Well it’s highly topical at the moment – see the guardian’s recent top story. It’s all about natural gas trapped in shale formations with a method known as fracking to enable extraction. It’s controversial for all sorts of interesting reasons but congruently a potential major source of alternative energy. Big in the States and Canada but also being tested out in the UK.
Shale Gas: The Facts about Chemical Additives by Henry Craddock © 2012 and What to Do with the Brine? A Zero-Discharge Solution from CLLEEN™ Water and Power by Anthony Migyanka © 2012
And take a look at these articles and many more on EbscoHost databases
Benefits of Shale Gas Outweigh Risks; 8 In 10 Americans Connect
Natural Gas with Jobs. March 2012 in the Pipeline & Gas Journal
Impact of Shale Gas Development on Global Gas Markets.
By Medlock III, Kenneth B. Natural Gas & Electricity. April 2011
Is Shale Gas Shallow or the Real Deal? By Maize, Kennedy in Power.
Methane and the greenhouse-gas footprint of natural gas from shale
formations. By Howarth, Robert W.; Santoro, Renee; Ingraffea,
Anthony. Climatic Change. 2011
Splitting rock vs. splitting atoms: What shale gas means for nuclear
power. By Levi, Michael. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. July 2012
The Shale Gas Extraction Process and Its Impacts on Water
Resources. By Reins, Leonie. Review of European Community &
International Environmental Law. 2011
In March the IET’s Clerk Maxwell lecture is on this topic so why not read up about it before you attend?
If you have a specific research enquiry please see http://www.theiet.org/resources/library/services/research/index.cfm and use the online form to send your request.
Happy searching in 2013!
Edited: 09 January 2013 at 03:20 PM by Cathy Firebrace
So what’s Scada all about? It stands for Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition and it plays a vital role in our everyday lives. It’s these computer systems which control huge industrial systems such as water treatment plants, power plants and transportation. In fact almost every critical system that we are dependent on – it’s all quiet behind the scenes stuff that we don’t realise exists and take for granted, but when this breaks down perhaps due to a breach in the security setups….. we will certainly know about it!
So you want to know more and read up about it? Take a look at what the IET Library has to offer.
Cybersecurity for SCADA Systems by William T Shaw published by PennWell published in 2006. This provides a detailed overview and readers will understand the vital issues, and learn strategies for decreasing or eliminating system vulnerabilities.
And another resource within the Virtual Library is The Engineering and IT Reference Library which has over 440 electronic books. Such as Ronald L Krutz’s Securing SCADA Systems published by John Wiley & Sons in 2006 and looks at how security can be applied to ensure the safety of the nation’s infrastructure.
EbscoHost databases have some great articles on the topic:
A log mining approach for process monitoring in SCADA (2012)
Secure SCADA framework for the protection of energy control systems (2011)
Developing a Multi-Layer Strategy for Securing Control Systems of
Oil Refineries (2012)
iDSRT: Integrated Dynamic Soft Real-time Architecture for Critical
Infrastructure Data Delivery over WLAN (2011)
And finally what books has the IET library got for you to borrow on this topic?
Alarm management: a comprehensive guide by B.R. Hollfield of Research Triangle Park, NC: International Society of Automation (2011)
Cybersecurity for industrial control systems: SCADA, DCS, PLC, HMI and SIS by T. Macaulay (2012)
Industrial network security: Securing Critical Infrastructure Networks for Smart Grid, SCADA, and Other Industrial Control Systems by E.D Knapp (2011)
You may also want to consider this conference on SCADA – taking place in February 2012: http://conferences.theiet.org/cyber-ics/about/index.cfm
Enjoy learning about SCADA.
Offshore wind technology is a hot and much talked about topic, but what is it all about and what sort of progress are we making with this alternative source of energy? The IET library has lots of useful publications to borrow which will take you through the complexities. For example:
P.Tavner’s Offshore wind turbines: reliability, availability and maintenance. Published by the IET( 2012)
E. Thomsen’s Offshore wind: a comprehensive guide to successful offshore wind farm installation (2011)
C. Gillis’s Offshore windpower. (2011)
P.A. Lynn’s Onshore and offshore wind energy: an introduction. (2012)
T. Burton’s Wind energy handbook
The library also holds this interesting report: European supergrid: seventh report of session 2010-12, volume 1: report, together with formal minutes, oral and written evidence, HC Paper 1040. 2011 but if you prefer you can read it online……
For electronic books please take a look at this one published by the IET and available on Knovel: Wind Power Integration - Connection and System Operational Aspects - The rapid growth of wind power and the implications of this on future power system planning, operation and control, has become an even greater challenge in today's liberated electricity market conditions. This essential book examines the main problems of wind power integration and guides the reader through a number of the most recent solutions based on current research and operational experience of wind power integration.
Something for everyone at the IET library on this fast evolving subject! To see the full range of free to members electronic resources use the IET’s virtual library
One such example is the collection of Professor John Flavell Coales, President of the Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE) from 1971 to 1972, whose papers are held in the manuscript special collections (Ref. SC MSS 168).
John Coales was Professor of Engineering at the University of Cambridge and the fourth President of the International Federation of Automatic Control (IFAC), with which he was closely associated. His collection therefore contains papers and correspondence relating to control and automation, as well as material on the subject of engineering education and training, a subject dear to his heart. However, it came as a surprise to discover some miscellaneous files within this collection containing correspondence from the 1980s with the high profile media figure Robert Maxwell, and his wife Elizabeth.
The link between Maxwell and Coales is Pergamon Press, the scientific publisher founded by Maxwell, and which had a publishing agreement with IFAC which was negotiated by Coales. The friendly relationship that can be seen between Coales and Maxwell in these letters is a reminder of the unexpected historical references that are often unearthed in archival holdings.
To find out more about Coales, who left Government Service in 1946 to found the research laboratories of Elliot Brothers, an important contributor in the areas of military radar and the emerging field of digital computers and industrial instrumentation in post-war Britain, researchers can consult the J F Coales collection.
IET Assistant Archivist
Nothing to do with what we, humans, will become in future centuries as that is still a mystery unfolding. However, there are similarities as LTE is the term given to the next generation technology for mobile communications. LTE has new features many of which do not exist yet but may do in the future.
4G (fourth generation) is the most recent new telecoms standard in the UK, currently only provided by EE (Everything Everywhere). 4G has some of the new features of LTE. An example is the ability to handle greater data throughput providing the cells are available and not congested. This is a good step forward but remember – the M25 is a pretty good road – providing not too many us it at the same time! It is said that LTE can handle downloads at 300 Megabits per second – only time will tell how data download rates will work out in practice.
We have lots of books to borrow in the IET library on this exciting new development, such as:
Cox’s An introduction to LTE: LTE, LTE-advanced, SAE and 4G mobile communications. (2012)
Agtilent’s LTE and the evolution to 4G wireless: design and measurement challenges. (2012)
Holma’s LTE-Advanced 3GPP solution for IMT-Advanced. (2012)
‘LTE: What happened and what's next. (cover story)’
‘Downlink Resource Allocation in Long Term Evolution (LTE)’
‘Performance Comparison of LTE Transmission Modes in High Speed Channels using Soft Sphere Decoder’
Or try Borko Furht and Syed A. Ahson’s electronic book in the Engineering and IT Reference Library : Long Term Evolution: 3GPP LTE Radio and Cellular Technology
There is a new, exciting IET publication hot off the press: Justin Pollard’s Buses, bankers & the beer of revenge. It’s available for loan in the IET Library and you can buy a copy from the Library reading room too! Perfect for that elusive Christmas present? Or just fun and informative to read for yourself.
Justin has been writing the “The Eccentric Engineer” column in E & T magazine since 2007 and this book gathers stories from there to highlight the best of unusual engineering tales. Also included are decidedly off the wall ideas such as aircraft carriers made of ice and cars made of beans. Stories and anecdotes abound such as the story about an exploding toilet in a U-boat which resulted in an order for an emergency resurfacing, prompting a bombing run, which resulted in a life raft evacuation, a crew interned for the rest of the war and one sunk U-boat.
Why is it called Buses, bankers and the beer of revenge? You’ll have to read it to find out…. view a copy in the IET library
Many of us tuned in and valued the scrolling pages of Ceefax rolling onto our TV screens with up to the minute news and regional facts.
It all began in 1974 when it was first broadcast by the BBC. Its’ name is derived from the phonetic “see facts”. With the digital switchover completed 23:32:19 BST on 23 October 2012 in Northern Ireland the interactive service finally breathed its last analogue “breath” or should we say “dots”. Its digital replacement is the “Red Button” – easier to use and with ability to show images as well as text and quite a different animal.
Many a breaking news story was first put out on Ceefax – sometimes erroneously – see 10 facts that you are unlikely to know about Ceefax
Surprisingly, little is published about the much respected Ceefax but here are some articles which can be viewed on EbscoHost databases:
BBC News Lands on French Teletel Videotex Network
BBCi adopts page numbers for interactive TV to aid navigation
ETV in print
Auntie is a dab hand with the Web
Teletext and Viewdata Services In British Public Libraries
Televisions hidden resource
And here are some items to view in the IET library:
Broadcast and wired teletext systems - CEEFAX, ORACLE, VIEWDATA (IEE colloquium published in 1976)
CEEFAX (A series of information sheets 1975)
Let’s enjoy the good memories of ceefax!
Edited: 26 October 2012 at 10:31 AM by Cathy Firebrace
FuseTalk Standard Edition - © 1999-2014 FuseTalk Inc. All rights reserved.